WI - Cormorant Research Group Colour-ringing last updated on 07-12-2016

GREAT CORMORANT
Colour-ringing Projects in Europe and Middle East

Arranged by RING COLOUR AND STYLE

bicolor BLUE / WHITE
BLACK
BLUE (dark)
BLUE (light)
GREEN
RED
ORANGE
VIOLET and MAUVE-PINK
WHITE
YELLOW
Combination of more colour rings with inscription
Combination of more colour rings with and without inscription
Combination of more colour rings without inscription


bicolor BLUE / WHITE

Ring
colour
Inscription
colour
Style Type Leg No.
ringed
Years Note Project
leaders
Ringing
scheme
Blue / White white / blue 2
bicolor
  50
78
2013
2014
  Matti Åhlund, matti.ahlund@telia.com
Tommy Järås,
birdcenter@swipnet.se
Sweden

BLACK rings, style 3 or 2
Black rings with a three or two character inscription with a vertical band
See also the
Old Danish combinations (1980s and 1990s projects) from which there are no longer reports of birds

Ring
colour
Inscription
colour
Style Type Leg No.
ringed
Years Note Project
leaders
Ringing
scheme
Black White 3 L, R 157 2000   T. Bregnballe Denmark
Black White 3 ? 784 2010-2012

 
The colour-ring project was stopped because in 2013 all cormorants moved from the islands to nest in nearby trees.

report to the Swiss Ornithological Institute, CH-6204 Sempach ring@vogelwarte.ch Switzerland
Black White 3 L, R 345 2008-2014


Colour ringing carried out in four colonies.
Letter so far used at the beginning of the code: A, C, E, K (other may be used in future)
Letters used in second and third positions are:
A, C, E, H, J, K, L, N, P, R, T, U, V, X, Y, Z

Project leader Morten Helberg
morten.helberg@ibv.uio.no

report to
www.ringmerking.no/cr
Norway
Black White 2 cb L, R ? 1988-91   T. Menke Germany
Black White
or

or
2 ? 267 2001- Project of the SE Norwegian cormorant ringing group "Åge Sten Fredriksen". intersting about 288 individuals. Used codes were: 00 -> 90, 09 -> 99, A1 -> Z1, A9 -> Z9, 1A -> 1B, 9A -> 9B. Codes that can be read from down-up and up-down, making confusion, have been excluded (e.g. 09, 06, 90, 99) Å. S.Fredriksen Norway
Black White 2 ? -

2012

New project to be commenced in the Channel Islands in the 2012 breeding season

P. K. Veron / GuerneseyGulls

Jersey


Dark BLUE rings, style 3, 2 or 1h
Dark blue rings with a one to three character inscription
Two character inscription may have a vertical band or a central orizontal line between letters
See also the
Old UK and Old Danish combinations (1980s and early 1990s projects) from which there are no longer reports of birds

Ring
colour
Inscription
colour
Style Type Leg No.
ringed
Years Note Project
leaders
Ringing
scheme
Blue White 3   996

2009-2010

* see project info below and also this leaflet

code used in 2009-2010 are 001 - 999

Hiddensee Ringing scheme

Germany

Blue

White

3

    2010-2013

codes used in 2010-2012
and 01A-97A ... 01-97T series

in 2013 will be used the
01U-97U, ... V-, W-, X-, Y-, Z-series

Hiddensee Ringing scheme

Germany

Blue

White

3

   

2014

from 2014 code will be:
1A1-1A9,1B1-1B9 and so on

Hiddensee Ringing scheme

Germany

Blue White 3 L (1998)
R ('97, '99)
84 1996-99 Combinations start always with letter A; 2nd and 3rd letters may be: A, C, E, H, J, K, L, N, P, R, S, T, U, V, Y, P. Musil
R. Martincová
Czech
Republic

Blue

White

3

R

3,258

2009-2015


Combinations used are:
AA? - AZ?; BA? - BZ?; CA? - CZ?; EA? - EM?; ET? - EZ?; FA? - FZ?; HA? - HY?; JA?-JY?; KC?, where ? can be: A, B, C, E, F, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z

Estonian Ringing Centre ring@matsalu.ee &
Kalev Rattiste
Kalev.Rattiste@emu.ee

Estonia

Blue

White

3

?

 

2012

Combinations used are:
A01, A02 ...A99
C01, C02 ... C99

...

Karlis Millers

Latvia

Blue White 2 R 30 2000 Combinations start with letter A or B; 2nd letter may be:
A, B, C, D, E, H, I, J, K, O, P, S, T, U, X, Z.
P. Musil
R. Martincová
Czech
Republic
Blue White 2     2001- Combinations from NA to ZZ will be reserved for use in England colonies S. Newson UK
Blue White
or

or

2 ob L, R ? 1995-99
2000-02
  S. Newson UK
Blue White 2 cb L, R ? 1996-   S. Newson UK see an example

* Project info: from 2009 on, nestlings and adults at breeding sites exclusively, in federal states of:
- Brandenburg: 150- 200 Ind./year (max. 1.000 Ind./5 years),
- Saxony: 150 - 200 Ind. / year (max. 1.000 Ind. / 5 years),
- Saxony-Anhalt: 100 – 150 BP / year (max. 700 / 5 years),
- Mecklenburg-Vorpommern : 150 – 200 Ind. / year (max. 1.000 Ind. / 5 years).


inscription code: three-digit letter-number in 2009 till 2010: starting from 001–999, later 11A, 22A etc.


Light BLUE rings, style 3
Light blue rings with a three character inscription (code unknown)
See also the
Old UK combinations (1980s and eraly 1990s projects) from which there are no longer reports of birds

Ring
colour
Inscription
colour
Style Type Leg No.
ringed
Years Project
leaders
Ringing
scheme
Blue (light) Black            

GREEN rings, style 3 or 2
Green (light or dark) rings with a three or two character inscription (with or witout a vertical band)
Three character inscription rings are sometimes combined with a small plain colour ring
See also the
Old UK combinations (1980s and eraly 1990s projects) from which there are no longer reports of birds

Ring
colour
Inscription
colour
Style Type Leg No.
ringed
Years Note Project
leaders
Ringing
scheme
LIME
(pale green)
Black 3 left 840 2006-2009
code 000 - 997
example
(see also the Dutch example)
M. Antoniazza

report sightings to the Swiss Ornithological Institute, CH-6204 Sempach
ring@vogelwarte.ch
Switzerland
Green White 3 ? ? 1996- ?   Ioana Damoc (Cobzaru)
ioana.cobzaru@ibiol.ro
ioana402@yahoo.com
Romania
Green White
or
3 R 352
in 5 colonies
2005-2012


This project is a collaboration between Aves (
http://www.aves.be/index.php?id=1391), DEMNA (Département d'étude du milieu naturel et agricole - Wallonia) and INBO (Instituut voor natuur- en bosonderzoek - Flanders).

Jérémy Simar and Koen Devos Belgium
Green White 3 ? 50 / year 2006 -

Project on Puffin Island, Wales.Combinations used:
first CAA ... CZZ

Sara Bone
puffin.island.cormorants@googlemail.com
UK

Green

White

     

1993-1995

 

J. Jezierski

Poland

Green

White

     

1995-1998

 

J. Jezierski

Poland

Green

White

     

1999-2001, 2004

 

S. Bzoma - J. Jezierski

Poland

Green

White

     

2002-2008

 

S. Bzoma - K. Kaczmarek

Poland

Green

White

     

2005-2008

 

K. Kaczmarek

Poland

Green

White

     

2006-2009

 

S. Bzoma - J. Jezierski - G. Kiljan - K. Kaczmarek

Poland

Green

White

     

2007-2008

with the exclusion of codes:
from V W A to VZA used in Finland 
and
from VPA and V V A used in Estonia 

see below

K. Kaczmarek

Poland

Green White
or
3 ? ? 2013 Mid and last letters range between A and Z Ioana Damoc (Cobzaru)
ioana.cobzaru@ibiol.ro
ioana402@yahoo.com
Romania
Green White
or
3 ? 50 / year 2001-

10 yrs project at Denny Island. Combinations used:
first PAA ... PZZ
then SAA ... SZZ

Richard Clarkechykembro2@aol.com

UK
Green White
...

...

3 R   2007

Combinations used are:
from V P A - V P Z
to V V A - V V Z
and
from W A A to W E N

S. van Rijn Estonia
Green White
...

...

3 R   2007

Combinations used are:
from V W A - V W Z
to V Z A - V Z Z
and
W J A - W J Z

Finnish Ringing Centre Finland
Green White
...
3 R   2007

Combinations used are:
from W E P - W E Z
to W H A - W H Z

S. van Rijn
A. Gaginskaya
Russia
Green White 3 ? 50 / year 2015

Project on Puffin Island, Wales.Combinations used:
first ZAA ... ZZZ

Stephen Dodd sg.dodd@yahoo.com
puffin.island.cormorants@googlemail.com
UK
Green White 3 -
1,980
1991
1996-2004
A few birds (ringed in 1996) have a small GREEN or BLUE plastic ring above the metal ring on the other leg T. Bregnballe
Jacob Sterup
Denmark
Green White 3 L, R 1,971 1986-1991, 1996, 2003 A few birds (ringed in 1996) have a small GREEN or BLUE plastic ring above the metal ring on the other leg T. Bregnballe
Jacob Sterup
Denmark
Green White 3 L, R 1,343 1997-1999   T. Bregnballe
Jacob Sterup
Denmark
Green White 3 L, R 1,242 1999-2000   T. Bregnballe
Jacob Sterup
Denmark
Green White

3 L, R 1,245 2000-2002   T. Bregnballe
Jacob Sterup
Denmark
Green White 3 L, (R only few)
1,595

2001-2006
  T. Bregnballe
Jacob Sterup
Denmark
Green White
or
2 ? ca. 250 1997-99   S. van Rijn Netherlands
LIME
(pale green)
Black



2     2007-
photo by: Jean-François Le Bihan
http://jeanfrancois.lebihan.free.fr
S. van Rijn Netherlands
Green White 2 cb R ca. 450 1993-2001   S. van Rijn Netherlands
Green White
or
2 cb ? ca. 250 1999-2001   S. van Rijn Netherlands
Green White 2 ? ? 2015 S. van Rijn Netherlands

RED rings, style 3 or 2
Red rings with a three or two character inscription (with or without a vertical band)
See also the
Old UK and Old Danish combinations (1980s and early 1990s projects) from which there are no longer reports of birds

Ring
colour
Inscription
colour
Style Type Leg No.
ringed
Years Note Project
leaders
Ringing
scheme
Red White 3 L, R 1,110 1986-1988
2000
  T. Bregnballe
Jacob Sterup
Denmark
Red White 3 L 1,712
2003-2004
(2005 few)

Codes used in Denmark were:
AA1-PH7 in 2003
PH8-VJ0 in 2004 (2005)

T. Bregnballe
Jacob Sterup
Denmark
Red White 3 L 113 2006

2008

1AA - 3AT in 2006

0-9 KA - 0-9 KV (140)
0-9 LA - 0-9 LV (140)
0-9 NA - 0-9 NV (128)
0-9 PA - 0-9 PV (140)

T. Bregnballe
Jacob Sterup
Denmark
Red White 3 L, R ? 1989-91   T. Menke Germany
Red White 3 ? ? ?   T. Menke Germany

Red

White

3

?

?

2012-2014

code used from 2012 on ...

T. Bregnballe
Jacob Sterup

Denmark

Red White 3 ? 100 2003 Codes with letters CL, CN, CP, CR, CS, CT, CU, CV, EA and EC used in Norway.
Note that other letter were used in Denmark
Å.S. Fredriksen Norway
Red White 3 ? 279 2004 Combinations ranging from A1A-C0V were used in 2004 and will continue from E1A in 2005 Å.S. Fredriksen Norway
Red White 2 L ca. 500 1996-97   S. van Rijn Netherlands
Red White
or
2 L ca. 300 1998-99   S. van Rijn Netherlands
Red White 2 cb L ca. 400 1999-2000   S. van Rijn Netherlands
Red White
or
2 cb L ca. 300 2001-2002   S. van Rijn Netherlands see a sample
Red White 2 cb L, R ? 1988-91   T. Menke Germany
Red White 1 b ? ? ?   T. Menke Germany

ORANGE rings, style 4, 3, 2 or 1h
Orange rings with a one, two, three or four character inscription
Some two character inscription have a central horizontal line between letters
See also the
Old UK combinations (1980s and eraly 1990s projects) from which there are no longer reports of birds

Ring
colour
Inscription
colour
Style Type Leg No.
ringed
Years / Notes Project
leaders
Ringing
scheme
Orange Black 4 L, R 547
>100
<20
Po Delta 1997-2007
Lombardia 2005-2007
Friuli Venezia Giulia 2010-11
S. Volponi
A. Boto
B. Cimador
Italy
Orange Black 3 ? ? 2001- Jez Blackburn
jez.blackburn@bto.org
UK
Orange Black 3 R, L 2013-2014: 30 West Cornwall Ringing Group
code starts with T (e.g. TAA...TZZ)
markyjee@gmail.com UK
Orange White 2 R
L
? 1992
1993
BTO
colour.ringing@bto.org
UK
Orange Black 2 L ? 1994
1996-1997
BTO
colour.ringing@bto.org
UK
Orange White 2 L some 1997 BTO
colour.ringing@bto.org
UK
Orange Black 2 ob L ? 1998 BTO
colour.ringing@bto.org
UK
Orange Black 2 cb L ? ? BTO
colour.ringing@bto.org
UK
Orange Black 2 dcb     2010 -
(codes range from A || A to Z || Z)
S. van Rijn Netherlands

VIOLET or MAUVE-PINK style 3, or 2
Rings with a two or three character inscription
See also the
Old UK combinations (1980s and eraly 1990s projects) from which there are no longer reports of birds

Ring
colour
Inscription
colour
Style Type Leg No.
ringed
Years Project
leaders
Ringing
scheme

Mauve-pink

Black

3

L

1500

1999

(V. Siochin)
N. Baccetti

(Ukraine)
Italy


WHITE rings, style 4, 3, 2 or 1h
White rings with one to four character inscription
(two carachter inscription may have a vertical band)
See also the
Old UK and Old Danish combinations (1980s and early 1990s projects) from which there are no longer reports of birds

Ring
colour
Inscription
colour
Style Type Leg No.
ringed
Years

Note

Project
leaders
Ringing
scheme
White Black 4 ? 50+ 1983-91
2000
  P.T. Rusanen Finland
White Black 3 L, R 1,721 1997-2002   T. Bregnballe
Jacob Sterup
Denmark
White Black 3 L, R 118 2002-2003 Combinations ranging from 1AA-0AT have been used so far T. Bregnballe
Jacob Sterup
Denmark
White Black 3 L, R 196 1983-85   P. Mayewski Poland

White

Black

3

   

2016->

New project starting in spring 2016
codes range from AAA to BZZ

Peter Szinai
szinai@freemail.hu

Hungary

White

Black

3

   

2012->

New project promoted by the Evros Delta Management Agency
starting in spring 2012

Yanis Fakriadis

Greece

White Black 2 L 200 1983-84   S. van Rijn Netherlands
White Black 2 cb L 200 1987-88   S. van Rijn Netherlands
White Black
or

or

or
2


or


2 cb
L ca. 500 1991-95   S. van Rijn Netherlands
White Green 3 ? ? 1998 see here some results Raymond Duncan UK

White

Red


or

3

L

310

2011->

Project carried on in Ireland - White ring with red (3 character) vertical codes (left Leg) starting with letters A to L followed with either 2 letter or 2 numbers and BTO metal ring on the right leg. First birds ringed in June 2011 on the east coast still running in 2016

Tom Kealy
cormorants@eircom.net

UK

White

Red


or

3

L

?

2011

The combinations used are a mix of letters and numbers but all rings start with one of the following letters:
N, P, R, S, T, U, X, Y or Z

Ringer: Manx Ringing Group
Location: Isle of Man, British Isles
Contact: Kevin Scott
Website:
www.manxringer.blogspot.com
Email:
manxrg@gmail.com
Details, pictures etc.:
http://manxringer.blogspot.com/2011/03/new-colour-ring-project-cormorants.html

UK

White Red 2 dcb ? ? 1988-91   T. Menke Germany

YELLOW rings, style 4, 3, or 2
Yellow rings with a two or three character inscription
(rings with two character inscription may have a vertical band)
See also the
Old UK and Old Danish combinations (1980s and early 1990s projects) from which there are no longer reports of birds

Ring
colour
Inscription
colour
Style Type Leg No.
ringed
Years Note Project
leaders
Ringing
scheme
Yellow Black 4   280 2013-2016.... Code are: A001...A024 etc.
see an example
Results of ringing and resighting and webcam looking at the colony in Wallnau
Ingo Ludwichowski
(NABU-Wallnau)
Germany
Yellow Black 4   2007 to 08/03/2008: 64 2007-2008 (a) the project is aimed to
study movement of ADULT birds
The first letter is always S, followed by a combinationof the of the following letters:
A, B, C, D, F, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, S, T, V, X, Z
J. Aymerich
(Group d'Anellament de Celldetenes - Osona)
Spain
Yellow Black 3 ? ? ? The inscription numbers are indicating the year of birth and the breeding colony the birds stem from but not the different individuals themselves. A. Siefke Germany
Yellow Black 3 L, R 500 1985-91 The inscription numbers are indicating the year of birth and the breeding colony the birds stem from but not the different individuals themselves. U. Koeppen Germany

Yellow

Black

3

?

165

2008-2009

 

S. Bzoma

Poland

Yellow

Black

3

?

?

2011

three letters, combinatins used: 
from AFH to AUA

Jacek.Jezierski

Poland

Yellow

Black

3

L

239 (2009)

2009-2012

three letters, first could be: 
A or B or E or F (later on also or H or J or K)

S. Bzoma

Poland

Yellow

Black

3

   

2012

First letter is always a C

Jim Lennon
lennons@shearwater50.fsnet.co.uk

UK
Yellow Black 3 L, R ? 2010 - Project of Rutland Water ringing group.
Combinations always use a combination of letters (starting at the end of the alphabet) and numbers

Garry Barker
gbarker2@btinternet.com

UK
Yellow Black
or

or

or
2


or


2 cb
R ca. 500 1991-95   S. van Rijn Netherlands
Yellow Black 2 R 200 1985-86   S. van Rijn Netherlands
Yellow Black 2 D ca. 50 2003   A. Barati Iran
Yellow Black 2 cb R 200 1989-91   S. van Rijn Netherlands

COMBINATIONS OF MORE THAN A COLOUR RING
- WITH INSCRIPTION -

Style 1 / 1 -
Two rings of different colour each bearing a single character (vertical) inscription
See also the
Old UK combinations (1980s and eraly 1990s projects) from which there are no longer reports of birds

Ring
colour
Inscription
colour
Style Type Leg No.
ringed
Years Project
leaders
Ringing
scheme
White
+White
Black
+
Black

1/1 R 66 2005 Dagys Mindaugas Lithuania
Green
+
White
White
+
White

1/1 R 66 2005-2008 Dagys Mindaugas Lithuania
Red
+
White
White
+
Black

1/1 R 66 2005-2008 Dagys Mindaugas Lithuania

* Lithuanian projects:
code used for the below ring (A): A, B, C
code used for the upper ring (B): A, B, C, E, F, H, I, L, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y


COMBINATION OF
TWO OR MORE COLOUR RINGS
WITH AND WITHOUT INSCRIPTION

LEFT leg RIGHT leg  
Ring colours Ring style Ring colours Ring style No.
ringed
Years Project
leader
Ringing
scheme





M
+
Ps
+
Ps




Ps
+
2cb
  2002
2003
G. Debout France





M
+
Ps
+
Ps




or


Ps
+
2cb

or

Ps
+
3cb

  2002
2013
G. Debout France

Colour-ringing is carried out in two P. c. carbo norman colonies. Ring combinations include: on the left leg a metal ring of the Museum of Paris plus a single colour-ring; on the right leg a colour-ring plus an inscripted white or blue ring (depending on the colony). Inscription include a letter (C or M depending on the colony), a central vertical band, and a number (2, 3 and so on depending on the year of ringing).


COMBINATIONS OF MORE THAN A COLOUR RING
- WITHOUT INSCRIPTION -

Style Ps or Pl -
Small or large plain single ring without inscription sometimes combined with the metal ring
See also the
Old UK combinations (1980s and eraly 1990s projects) from which there are no longer reports of birds

Ring
colour
Style Leg No.
ringed
Years Project
leaders
Ringing
scheme
Ps L 50 1980 L. Linden Sweden
Ps L 195 1981-85 L. Linden Sweden
? Ps ? ? 1986-91 L. Linden Sweden

Style Ps/Ps or Ps/Ps/Ps plus M/Ps
A combination of two or three small plain rings (without inscription) on the same leg  (right or left) and of a metal ring, or
one or two small colour ring plus a metal ring, on the other leg
Used colours Style Leg No.
ringed
Years Project
leaders
Ringing
scheme

Example



Ps/Ps
+
Ps/M
L, R 595 from 1989 to 1993 L. Marion France  


Ps/Ps/Ps
+
M
L, R 409 1996, 2000, 2003 L. Marion France  



Ps/Ps
+
Ps/Ps/ M
L, R 1400 from 1992 to 1995
from 1997 to 2002
2004
L. Marion France




Ps/Ps/Ps
+
Ps/ M
L, R 629 2005
from 2007 to 2012
L. Marion France